With SunyProfit International Limited, an Export Company with track records, having core competence in the Agro Exportation business, which had really worked for us in the last two decades with a view to having lots of goodies to show for it, we hereby, ascertain that our Agric Business Department is waxing stronger the more.
SunyProfit International Limited has her operating office at:
3/9, Olu Koleosho Street,
Off Medical Road,
What We Do
As a matter of responsibility, SunyProfit also stands firm as an authentic Agro Commodities Sourcing Agent and Agricultural Product Sourcing Agent, who help buyers of a particular product – either foreign or local, source the same product directly from the manufactures or producers.
Wait a minute and try unveiling this hidden treasure… It is a package of opportunities that will emancipate you and the entire country into an economic procession we have long been craving for. Now, I can boldly tell you, with an hundred percent assurance, that the treasure, which is not really hidden – just that we have not tapped into it; is Agriculture and Exportation.
Among the numerous services in the agricultural business sector, coupled with our vast knowledge in the agro export industry, is Sugar Cane Farming.
If you care to know, Nigeria has been able to utilize 34 million hectares out of her 91 million hectares of arable land. So, you can make money by planting any of the Country’s non-oil exportable products like Cocoa, Ginger, Pineapple, Garlic, Cashew nut, Sesame seed, Pear, Wheat, Rose wood, Hardwood Charcoal among others and make a lot of money.
How Does It Works
SunyProfit simply delve into farming, especially Sugar Cane Farming, with the surplus and available viable green land in Nigeria, with a view to turning it into business from the initial primitive way of practicing it. We have hectares of this Sugar Cane farm to our credit and at the same time we plant, manage and monitor for any interested farmer.
This, SunyProfit believes it afford the country to boast of getting Sugar Cane produce in excess for lots of food processing, while exporting the agro commodity will bring about foreign exchange, as a resultant effect for Nigeria.
Sugarcane is widely grown crop in India. It provides employment to over a million people directly or indirectly besides contributing significantly to the national exchequer. Sugarcane growing countries of the world lay between the latitude 36.7° north and 31.0° south of the equator extending from tropical to subtropical zones. Sugar cane originated in New Guinea where it has been known for thousands of years. Sugar cane plants spread along human migration routes to Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Here it cross-bred with some wild sugar cane relatives to produce the commercial sugar cane we know today.
Climatic Condition for Sugarcane Farming.
Sugarcane is considered as essentially a tropical plant. It is a long duration crop and thus it encounters all the seasons’ viz., rainy, winter and summer during its life cycle. The Sugarcane plant grows best in tropical hot sunny areas. The “ideal” climate for production of maximum sugar from sugarcane farming is characterized as:
A long, warm growing season with a high incidence of solar radiation and adequate moisture (rainfall) – the plant uses from 148 to 300g of water to produce 1.0g of dry substance.
A fairly dry, sunny and cool, but frost free season for ripening and harvesting – moisture percentage drops steadily throughout the life of the sugarcane plant, from 83% in very young cane to 71% in mature cane, meanwhile sucrose grows from less than 10 to more than 45% of the dry weight.
Suitable Soil for Sugarcane Farming.
Soil tes-ting before planting is desirable while setting up a sugarcane farming as it helps in determining the optimum quantity of macro and micro nutrient application. Chemical constraints in the soils, such as acidity and low fertility, are relatively easy to correct or control.
A well drained, deep, loamy soil with a bulk density of 1.1 to 1.2 g/cm(1.3-1.4 g/cm in sandy soils) and total porosity, with an adequate balance between pores of various sizes, is higher than 50%; ground water table below 1.5 to 2.0 m from soil surface and an available water holding capacity of 15% or more (15 cm per meter depth of soil is considered ideal for sugarcane cultivation).In sugarcane farming , the optimum soil pH is about 6.5 but sugarcane can tolerate considerable degree of soil acidity and alkalinity. Hence, it is found growing in soils with pH in the range of 5 to 8.5. Liming is required if pH is less than 5.0, or gypsum application if pH is more than 9.5. Nematode infestations are likely to occur in very sandy soils.
Sugarcane Planting Seasons across India.
In India, sugarcane is planted thrice a year in October (autumn), February-March (spring) and July (adsali).
Adsali planting is quite common in Maharashtra while autumn and spring plantings are more common in northern India.
Under North Indian conditions, sugarcane, by and large, is planted in spring.
Sugarcane requires about 25-32°C for good germination. This temperature requirement is met twice in north Indian conditions i.e. in the month of October and also in the months of February-March.
Autumn planting of sugarcane is done in the month of October.
For good yields, planting should be completed up to 20th October.
Delay in planting may cause reduction in yield as germination of sugarcane is reduced due to low temperature in late planting.
Spring cane is planted in February-March. March is the best time for cane planting in Punjab and Haryana, February-March in Uttar Pradesh and January-February in Bihar.
The planting time is advanced as we move towards east. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka cane planting is done in December-February.
Land Preparation for Sugarcane Farming.
Every time a new crop is planted is absolutely essential to bring the soil to fine tilth for proper germination of the sets and field emergence and root growth & Tillage is the physical manipulation of the soil with appropriate implements to loosen the surface soil layer.
Main Objectives of Land Preparation in Sugarcane farming are:
To prepare a seed bed which permits optimal soil water air relations
Good physical conditions for early root penetration and proliferation
To incorporate preceding crop residues and organic manures
To destroy weeds and hibernating pest & disease organisms
To facilitate proper soil chemical and microbial activity
Tillage operations through tractor drawn implements are most ideal and quick. For initial ploughing use either mould board plough or disc plough. Whenever, soil turning is desired, a mould board plough should be used in sugarcane farming.
Planting Methods in Sugarcane Farming.
Basically there are 4 planting methods in Sugarcane Farming which are described below
A)Ridge and Furrow Method
This is the most common method of sugarcane planting.
In this method the ridges and furrows are opened with the help of ridger by keeping 120 cm distance between furrows in heavy soil and 105 cm distance in light to medium soil.
Main and sub-irrigation channels are opened at appropriate distance.
First sets are laid on the top ridges end to end and later planted in furrows by two ways known as wet method and dry method of planting.
This method is followed in light to medium soil. Irrigation is given to the field before planting. Sets are planted by pressing 2.5 to 5 cm deep in furrows with feet or hand. The sets are placed end to end by facing buds on sides.
Dry Method .
This method is followed in heavy soil to avoid the pressing as sets deep into the soil. Sets are placed in the furrow end to end by facing eye buds on sides and covered by giving a layer of soil. After completion of planting irrigation is given to the field.
- B) Flat Bed Method.
Flat bed method of sugarcane planting is followed in North Indian states like U.P. Bihar etc
The land is ploughed, harrowed, leveled and flat beds are prepared.
Cane sets are laid down in the flat beds end to end in rows.
60 to 90 cm. distance is kept between two rows depending upon soil type.
They are pressed into soil with hand or feet to a depth 2.5 to 5 cm and covered with soil.
At the time of planting care should be take that buds should face on the sides otherwise lower buds cannot germinate.
This method is followed where there is abundant moisture.
Earthing up operation is done in rainy season.
Manures and Fertilizers in Sugarcane Farming.
- Sugarcane is a long durational and heavy feeder crop thus, manure requirement is very high.
- The 25 to 50 tons of FYM/ha is applied during the preparation of land.
- The recommended doses of fertilizers for adsali, pre-seasonal and suru sugarcane crop are given below.
- Fertilizer Dose for Adsali Plantation (Dose per Hectare).
|1||At the time of planting (10%N, 50% P& K)||45
|2||6-8 weeks after (40% N)||180||–||–||–|
|3||8-12 weeks after (10% N)||45||–||–||–|
|4||20-24 weeks after (40% N, 50% P & K)||180||85||85||–|
- Fertilizer Dose for Pre-seasonal Plantation (Dose per Hectare) :
|1||At the time of planting (10%N, 50% P& K)||35
|2||6-8 weeks after (40% N)||140||–||–||–|
|3||8-12 weeks after (10% N)||35||–||–||–|
|4||20-24 weeks after (40% N, 50% P & K)||140||85||85||–|
- Fertilizer Dose for Seasonal Plantation (Dose per Hectare)
|1||At the time of planting (10%N, 50% P& K)||25||62||62||25tons/ha|
|2||6-8 weeks after (40% N)||100||–||–||–|
|3||8-12 weeks after (10% N)||25||–||–||–|
|4||20-24 weeks after (40% N, 50% P & K)||100||63||63||–|
Harvesting and Yield of Sugarcane.
Following are the steps involved in Sugarcane farming :
- Sugarcane crop should be harvested at right stage of maturity because both early and delayed harvesting results in loss of quality and quantity of the final product.
- Irrigation is withheld for about 10 to 15 days before harvesting.
- The cane is harvested by giving slanting cut at ground level by cane cutting knife.
- It is done slightly deeper if ratoon is not to be kept.
- The cane is then stripped off dry leaves and roots.
- The immature top potion is cut off along with 2 to 3 inter nodes.
- Small bundles of canes are made with the help of leave rope and transported at crusher.
- It should be crushed within 24 hours after harvesting to avoid reversion of sucrose into glucose.
Average Yield of suru cane 100 tons/ha.
Average Yield of preseasonal cane & 120 tons/ha.
Average Yield of adsali cane 150 tons/ha.
Transport & Marketing of Sugarcane.
Transport with trucks (tractors) and lorry to local Government markets or sugar mills.
Sugarcane Farming in India is Profitable.
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