With SunyProfit International Limited, an Export Company with track records, having core competence in the Agro Exportation business, which had really worked for us in the last two decades with a view to having lots of goodies to show for it, we hereby, ascertain that our Agric Business Department is waxing stronger the more.
SunyProfit International Limited has her operating office at:
3/9, Olu Koleosho Street,
Off Medical Road,
What We Do
As a matter of responsibility, SunyProfit also stands firm as an authentic Agro Commodities Sourcing Agent and Agricultural Product Sourcing Agent, who help buyers of a particular product – either foreign or local, source the same product directly from the manufactures or producers.
Wait a minute and try unveiling this hidden treasure… It is a package of opportunities that will emancipate you and the entire country into an economic procession we have long been craving for. Now, I can boldly tell you, with an hundred percent assurance, that the treasure, which is not really hidden – just that we have not tapped into it; is Agriculture and Exportation.
Among the numerous services in the agricultural business sector, coupled with our vast knowledge in the agro export industry, is Orange Farming.
If you care to know, Nigeria has been able to utilize 34 million hectares out of her 91 million hectares of arable land. So, you can make money by planting any of the Country’s non-oil exportable products like Cocoa, Ginger, Pineapple, Garlic, Cashew nut, Sesame seed, Pear, Wheat, Rose wood, Hardwood Charcoal among others and make a lot of money.
How Does It Works
SunyProfit simply delve into farming, especially Orange Farming, with the surplus and available viable green land in Nigeria, with a view to turning it into business from the initial primitive way of practicing it. We have hectares of this Orange farm to our credit and at the same time we plant, manage and monitor for any interested farmer.
This, SunyProfit believes it afford the country to boast of getting Orange produce in excess for lots of food processing, while exporting the agro commodity will bring about foreign exchange, as a resultant effect for Nigeria.
Orange (Citrus reticulata) is most common among citrus fruits grown in India. It occupies nearly 40% of the total area under citrus cultivation. The most important commercial citrus species are the mandarin (Citrus reticulata), sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) and acid lime (Citrus aurantifolia) sharing 41, 23 and 23 % respectively of all citrus fruits produced in the country.
Orange is rich in vitamin C, A, B and phosphorus. Orange is consumed fresh or in the form of juice, jam, squash and syrup. It is the main source of peel oil, citric acid and cosmetics which have international market value.
Climatic Requirements For Orange Farming
Mandarins grow successfully in all frost free tropical and sub-tropical regions up to 1,500 m. above m.s.l. An annual rainfall of 100-120 cm. and temperature ranging from 10-35C is suitable for cultivation of the crop.
Suitable Soil For Orange Farming
Mandarins are grown in a wide range of soils ranging from sandy loam or alluvial soils of north India to clay loam or deep clay loam or lateritic/acidic soils in the Deccan plateau and north-eastern hills. Citrus orchards flourish well in light soils with good drainage properties. Deep soils with pH range of 5.5 to 7.5 are considered ideal. However, they can also be grown in a pH range of 4.0 to 9.0. High calcium carbonate concentration in feeder root zone may adversely affect the growth. It is advised that soil test should be done before getting into orange farming.
Land Preparation In Orange Farming
Land needs to be thoroughly ploughed and levelled. In hilly areas, planting is done on terraces against the slopes and on such lands, high density planting is possible as more aerial space is available than in flat lands. Since citrus trees are highly sensitive to water logging and water stagnation during rainy season providing drainage channels of 3-4 feet depth along the slopes around the orchard is essential.
Planting Material And Planting Season For Orange Farming
Mandarin orange is propagated by seeds and also vegetatively propagated by T-budding & Seedlings are mostly transplanted in the month of July-August after commencement of monsoon. Budding should preferably be done in last week of January or first week of February following the ‘T’ or shield budding method.
Spacing In Orange Farming
Mandarins are usually planted in pits of 50 cm X 50 cm X 50 cm. size in a square system with a spacing of 4.5-6 m. , accommodating 350-450 plants/ha. In north-eastern parts of India, Khasi mandarins are very closely spaced (4.5 m X 4.5 m.), accommodating more than 500 plants/ha. However, a spacing of 6 m x 6 m. accommodating 120 plants/ acre has been considered for the present model.
Irrigation/Water Supply In Orange Farming.
Requires critical stage watering in the initial year. It further reduces fruit drop and increases the fruit size. Diseases like root rot and collar rot occur in flooded conditions. Light irrigation with high frequency is beneficial. Irrigation water containing more than 1000 pm salts is injurious. Quantity of water and frequency of irrigation depends on the soil texture and growth stage. Micro irrigation systems not only saves water and nutrients but also ensure good retention of fruits during crucial stages of crop growth in March – April even in situations where water is not a limitation.
Water requirement of citrus trees is generally higher than most of the other sub-tropical fruits due to recurrent growth and development. The water requirement varies from 900 to 1100 mm. per year depending upon the location. Water requirement of young (1-4 years old), middle (5-8 years old) and mature (9 and more) Nagpur mandarin trees varies from 5 to 15 litres/day, 35 to 105 litres/day and 60 to 170 litres/day respectively.
Nutrition In Orange Farming.
The recommended fertilizer dose in terms of N, P & K is given in the following table:
AGE OF THE PLANT
YEAR- WISE FERTERLIZER APPLIED (G./ PLANT)
|4 & above||600||200||100|
About one third of the recommended dose of nitrogen should be applied through organic manures like FYM, cakes etc. In case of non-bearing trees, nitrogen should be applied in split doses during April, August and November; phosphorus in August and November and potassium in November. Nitrogen should be applied in three split doses in case of bearing trees during April, August and November along with 200 g. phosphorus in two split doses in August and November and 100 g. potassium in November for mandarin grown in black clay soil.
Micronutrients in Orange Farming.
Micro-nutrients viz. zinc, copper, manganese, iron, boron and molybdenum are required in ample quantities. Improper supply of nutrients may cause serious disorders which may lead to decline of the whole orchard. The micro-nutrients should be supplied through foliar spraying.
Inter culture activity in Orange Farming.
Ploughing, spading of basins, weed control, etc., are important inter-culture operations for soil aeration and health. Chemical control of weeds with pre-emergence weedicides like diuron (3 Kg/ha), simazine (4 Kg/ha), glyphosate 4 l/ha, paraquat (2 l/ha), etc. may also be adopted.
Inter cultivation in Orange Farming.
Leguminous crops like soybean, gram, groundnut, cow peas, French bean, peas etc., may be grown in citrus orchards. Intercropping is advisable during the initial three-four years after planting.
Training and Pruning in Orange Farming.
In order to allow the growth of a strong trunk, initially shoots up to 40-50 cm from the ground level should be removed. The centre of the plant should remain open. Branches should be well distributed to all sides. Cross twigs and water suckers are to be removed early. The bearing trees require little or no pruning. All diseased, injured and drooping branches and dead wood are to be removed periodically.
Insect Pests in Orange Farming.
Devitalization of plants due to poor fruit set, fruit drop both at bearing and maturity stage, stem tunnelling, bark removal, girdling etc., on account of the attack of the different insect pests viz. citrus black fly, citrus psylla, citrus leaf miner, bark eating caterpillar, mealy bugs, citrus aphids, citrus thrips, fruit fly, mites etc. results in poor performance by the tree in terms of quality fruit production. Spraying with insecticides viz. monocrotophos, phosalone, dimethoate, phosphamidon, quinalphos etc. depending upon the type of pest infestation has been found to be effective in most cases.
Diseases in Orange Farming.
The main diseases reported are twig blight, gummosis, damping off, root and collar rot. The affected plants should be sprayed with Ridomil MZ 72, Bavistin, Benomyl etc. depending on the type of infection.
Mulching in Orange Farming.
Application of dry leaf mulch or paddy husk to a thickness of about 8 cm. in the basin keeps down the weed growth and decreases the number of irrigations and also improves fruit quality.
Harvesting of Oranges.
There are two main crops in mandarins and sweet oranges. One is called as Ambiabahar (mango flowering) the flowering of which occurs in the month of January (at the time of flowering of mango hence the name Ambia) the fruits of which are available in the months of October-December The other crop is Mrigbahar(Monsoon bloom) the flowering of which occurs in the month of June-July and the fruits are harvested during February-April. Mandarins and sweet oranges normally take 240- 280 days to arrive at maturity. Mature fruits at colour break stage are picked up in 2 – 3 intervals of 10-15 days.
Yield of Oranges.
Commences from the 5th year with about 50 fruits per tree and stabilises in the 8th year. Average production is about 700-800 fruits per tree after stabilization. Sweet Orange: Commences from 5th year with 40-50 fruits per tree stabilises around the 8th year. Average production is about 500-600 fruits per tree after stabilization.
Post Harvesting Activity
Following are the post harvesting activity involved in orange farming
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