With SunyProfit International Limited, an Export Company with track records, having core competence in the Agro Exportation business, which had really worked for us in the last two decades with a view to having lots of goodies to show for it, we hereby, ascertain that our Agric Business Department is waxing stronger the more.
SunyProfit International Limited has her operating office at:
3/9, Olu Koleosho Street,
Off Medical Road,
What We Do
As a matter of responsibility, SunyProfit also stands firm as an authentic Agro Commodities Sourcing Agent and Agricultural Product Sourcing Agent, who help buyers of a particular product – either foreign or local, source the same product directly from the manufactures or producers.
Wait a minute and try unveiling this hidden treasure… It is a package of opportunities that will emancipate you and the entire country into an economic procession we have long been craving for. Now, I can boldly tell you, with an hundred percent assurance, that the treasure, which is not really hidden – just that we have not tapped into it; is Agriculture and Exportation.
Among the numerous services in the agricultural business sector, coupled with our vast knowledge in the agro export industry, is Grape Farming.
If you care to know, Nigeria has been able to utilize 34 million hectares out of her 91 million hectares of arable land. So, you can make money by planting any of the Country’s non-oil exportable products like Cocoa, Ginger, Pineapple, Garlic, Cashew nut, Sesame seed, Pear, Wheat, Rose wood, Hardwood Charcoal among others and make a lot of money.
How Does It Works
SunyProfit simply delve into farming, especially Grape Farming, with the surplus and available viable green land in Nigeria, with a view to turning it into business from the initial primitive way of practicing it. We have hectares of this Grape Farm to our credit and at the same time we plant, manage and monitor for any interested farmer.
This, SunyProfit believes it afford the country to boast of getting Grape produce in excess for lots of food processing, while exporting the agro commodity will bring about foreign exchange, as a resultant effect for Nigeria.
Grape cultivation or farming is one of the most lucrative and profitable farming.
Regions Of Grape Cultivation
Grape is cultivated under a variety of soil and climatic conditions in three distinct agro-climatic zones, namely, sub-tropical, hot tropical and mild tropical climatic regions. Grapes are grown in both temperate and tropical climate. In tropical climate vines remain evergreen. Grapes perform well where there is no or little rain at the ripening time of the grapes.
Suitable Soil For Grape Farming
Grapes are found cultivated on a variety of soil types. The best soil types for grapes are known to be well drained loam to sandy loam with good organic matter. Poorly drained, alkaline soils should be avoided. Grapes grown well on soils having less than pH 8.7 and EC upto 1.5 mmhos/cm, calcium carbonate up to 10 percent and lime concentration up to 20 percent. The land is tilled and laid into plots of 120 m x 180 m separated by 3 m wide roads. Land within a plot is leveled perfectly to have a gradient of less than 1 percent in any direction manner to make sure uniform distribution of water through the emitters of drip irrigation systems.
Trenches of 75 cm width, 75 cm depth and 118 m length in a north-south direction with a gap of 3 m between trenches are opened with heavy machinery. They are closed with topsoil, up to a height of 45 cm after 15 days exposure to sun. The remaining gap is filled with a mixture of soil, cattle manure, single superphosphate, sulphate of potash and micro-nutrients. Usually, 50 kg of cattle manure, 2.5 kg of superphosphate, 0.5 kg of sulphate of potash and 50 g each of ZnSO4 and FeSO4 are added to the soil for every running meter length of the trench.
Best Planting Season For Grape Farming
The best season for planting the rooted cuttings of cultivated varieties in the main field is SeptemberOctober whereas for rootstocks it is February-March.
Spacing In Grape Farming
Distance generally varies with the varieties and soil fertility.
Pruning Of Vines In Grape Farming
Pruning should be done in January every year when the vines are still dormant. Keep only healthy fruiting canes with the recommended number of buds per cane depending upon the cultivar. The rest of shoots are pruned to one or two buds. These are called renewal spurs. These spurs sprout to give healthy shoots which are selected as fruiting canes in the coming years.
A balance 1: 2 is kept between fruiting cane and renewal spurs. In Madurai area staggered pruning is done to get fruit all along the year. In the mild tropical areas, vines are pruned two times & the crop is harvested twice. In varieties which are fairly resistant to rain damage and in which fruit bud differentiation is not impaired by cloudy weather and rains, pruning is done at any time of the year. As a result, five crops are harvested every two years. In hot tropical areas, vines are pruned two times but only one crop is harvested.
All canes in a vine are pruned back to single node spurs in March-May to develop canes and the canes are forward pruned in October-November for fruiting. The number of nodes retained on a cane varies with the variety and cane thickness. There is no scope to prune earlier than October and later than November due to unfavorable climate conditions.
Manures And Fertilizers Used In Grape Farming
As vineyard soils are either sandy loams or heavy clays, the usage of organic manure has assumed critical and high importance .To the recently planted vines apply 20 gm of urea in March and repeat the 5/8 dose in May and July to complete the growth up the bower in one season. From second year onward for vines planted at 3 x 3 m distance the following fertilizers doses and schedule may be adopted. Apply whole farm yard Manure (FYM) and super phosphate as well as half N and half K fertilizer just after pruning. Apply remaining N and K after fruit set in April.
Use of these does have encouraged excessive vegetative growth on all vines irrespective of the system of training adopted, particularly in clay loam soils.
Weeding Control In Grape Farming
Vines are planted closely and normally on bower system, hence due to shade weeds could make little growth. But in vineyards trained on kniffin and head system the weeds get ample irrigation, nutrition and light to flourish.
Therefore, it is very necessary to control the weeds Weeds between the rows of vines are removed mechanically by tractor drawn implements. Within the rows, weeds are manually hoed and removed. Sometimes the post-emergent weedicides, mainly glyphosate at about 2.0 kg/ha or paraquat at about 7.5 kg/ha is sprayed in fully grown vineyards. Intercropping: No inter crop should be grown in vineyards as growing of inter crop shall be at the cost of training of vines.
Harvesting & Yielding
Grapes must be harvested only when all the berries have developed the unique colour and desired TSS of the cultivar. Grapes are harvested by repeated pickings since the bunches do not ripen at one time. Taste is the most valuable indicator of the ripeness of the bunch. The berries at the shoulders ripe first followed by centre and tip of the clusters. Variety Yield (t/ha).
Pests, Disease Management & Control
The most important pests of grape farming in India are, flea beetles, thrips, mealy bugs and leaf hoppers. The important grape diseases are anthracnose, downy mildew, powdery mildew and bacterial leaf spot. In recent years, Alternaria is also becoming a serious pathogen. Anthracnose is prevalent in all grape growing areas of the country. The disease is characterized by little light brown or greyish black lesions on tender shoots, young leaves, flowers and young berries. Bordeaux mixture at 0.8 percent, copper oxychloride at 0.25 percent or carbendazim at 0.1 percent are used to control this disease.
Downy mildew is the most devastating disease of grapes in the tropical are of the country. The disease mainly appears on the leaves, but also attacks the flower clusters and young fruits. The losses are very high when it attacks the clusters before fruit set. Entire clusters decay, dry and drop down. Properly neutralized Bordeaux mixture at 1 percent, copper oxychloride at 0.2 percent, Mancozeb at 0.2 percent, metalaxyl (Ridomil Mz at 0.2 percent) or Phosethyl-Al (aliettle at 0.2 percent) are used against this disease.
Powdery mildew is prevalent in all the grape growing areas. It is next in importance to downy mildew in its devastating severity. The disease is characterized by the presence of white powdery (ash like) coating in patches on two sides of the leaves, young shoots and immature berries. Powdery mildew is managed and controlled easily by wettable Sulphur formulations. A wide range of fungicides, namely, Calaxin at 0.07 percent, Karathane EC at 0.04 percent, Myclobutanil (Systhane at 0.05 percent), Triademifon (Bayleton at 0.1 percent) and Penconazol (Topas at 0.025 percent) are used to control this disease.
Bacteria infects leaves, shoots and berries. The symptoms appear as minute water soaked spots on the lower surface of the leaves, especially along the main and lateral veins.These spots coalesce and form larger patches. Severely infected leaves give a blighted appearance. Streptocyclin at 500 ppm is used as a prophylactic spray, while Bordeaux mixture at 0.8 percent or copper oxychloride at 0.15 percent is used to check its spread.
Marketing Of Grapes
More than 80 percent of the aggregate creation is expended as table grapes, and more than 70 percent of the aggregate generation is gathered in March-April, yet the cold storage spaces are lacking. Accordingly, market over abundances and fall of costs of grapes in March-April are basic. Roughly, 2.5 percent (22,000 t) of new grapes are sent out to the Middle East and European nations. Whatever remains of the produce is advertised inside the nation. Grapes are sent out through three separate offices viz., Grower Exporters, Growers’ Cooperatives and the Trader exporters.
These orgs have created their own offices for pre cooling and icy stockpiling in the region of significant generation locales.
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